The seventh largest country by geographical area in the world, India is the second most populated democracy in the world. It is located in the South Asian tropical region, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east, while bordered by countries like Pakistan on the Northwest, Nepal, China, Bhutan on the north east and Bangladesh, Myanmar on the east.

India has an area of 3,287,590 square kilometers with more than 90% of it is land and is strategically located near several international shipping routes. The Capital of India is New Delhi; though the most populated and the largest city is Mumbai. The Republic of India consist 28 states, including states like Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karanataka, Kerala, Punjab, Rajastan and Tamil Nadu.


The climate in India differs from state to state, depending on their individual geographical location and the height from the sea level. Considering the mean temperatures in the major cities of India, the least is at -13 degree Celsius in Leh during the winter season, while the highest is at 40 degree Celsius in Nagpur and Jaisalmer during summer.


The Republic of India belongs to the +5.30 hours Greenwich Mean Time zone.


The population in India consists of a multilingual and multicultural community. The total population in the country is estimated to be 1,147,995,904 in 2008, with the maximum of 13,922,125 in the capital of Maharashtra state, Mumbai,


India has the fourth largest economy in the world with an estimated GDP of $3.305 trillion for the year 2008 with a growth of 9% from the year 2007. The inflation in India was 6.4% in the year 2007. The divers economy consist a range of industries from traditional village farming, handicrafts to modern agriculture and a multitude services. Services are the major source of Indian economic growth contributing 52.8% to the GDP with less than one third of its labor force. Apart from services, agriculture contributes 17.8% while Industry contributes 29.4% to the GDP. Industries in India include textiles, food processing, steel, chemicals, transportation, equipment, cement, petroleum, mining and software.


sed in the Republic of India is known as Rupee and denominated by the code INR. The Rupee is further sub divided into 100 Paise.


Local and International telephone calls are provided throughout the whole country, mainly in the urban area. Both private and public sector are involved in the telecommunication industry of India. Both the fixed and mobile phone density remains at 30 percent in the country with an extremely rapid growth. One of the world’s largest domestic satellite systems known as INSAT with 6 supporting satellites are used to support the domestic mobile telecommunication along with latest technologies like fibre optic cables and submarine cable systems for international communication.


The Republic of India has a range of tourist attractions, including heritage spots, cultural attractions, religious spots, wildlife attractions and Adventurous spots. Taj Mahal in Agra and Gateway of India in New Delhi would be ideal examples for heritage spots and the world class architecture used during the Mughal ruling in India. Bharata natyam is one of the cultural attractions in India, which is adapted by many countries around the world. Shridi Sai Baba, Tirupati Balaji temple and Vaaranasi are well known religious locations in India, while Goa beach, Thar Desert and Himalayas are known for adventure.




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